Children were mainly being afflicted by diarrhoea, vomiting, loose motions and sometimes typhoid and jaundice. Since kids have small body mass, they can quickly lose a lot of body fluid and become dehydrated. Diarrhoeal illnesses may increase as microorganisms grow rapidly in during summer and in moist conditions during monsoon. Stomach illnesses may develop from contaminated water supplies during the monsoon.
Chief consultant neonatologist and paediatrician of Motherhood Hospital Dr Tushar Parikh said, “In the last three weeks, out of 10 paediatric OPD patients, around seven kids are being brought in by their parents complaining about food- or water-borne diseases. Gastro-intestinal infections like diarrhoea and dysentery brought on by bacteria or amoebic dysentery may cause nausea, loose stools and stomach pain.”
He said they were recommending parents to get their children vaccinated for hepatitis A and typhoid.
Dr Prasad Kuvalekar, consultant physician internal medicine at DPU Private Super Speciality Hospital, said that Pune was seeing a rise in acute diarrhoeal diseases which was triggered due to reasons like excessive consumption of outside food during vacations, consumption of contaminated water, having spicy items like pani puri, raw fruit juices and fruit platters from unhygienic places. “Personal hygiene is a major contributing factor. Habits like not washing hands regularly, eating from unhygienic roadside stalls and open-air defecation leads to such diseases.”
Internal Medicine HOD of Jupiter Hospital Dr Mahendra Dadke said the food- and water-borne illnesses could be because of poor sanitation, contaminated water supply, poor personal hygiene and having street food. “In the last month, we have seen at least a 40% rise in cases of acute gastroenteritis, and most were due to rotavirus.” He said the level of dehydration varies as per the severity of the disease and specifically replacement of fluids, antiemetics and antipyretics are the way to manage it.
“Out of the 100 patients that we get, approximately 30% patients complain about frequent loose motions, stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, weakness, and sometimes fever,” said Dr Arvind Patil, general physician, Apollo Clinic.